Archwire: The wire used to guide the teeth into a new position; the archwire is threaded through brackets that are bonded to the teeth.
Band: The small metal ring that holds orthodontic attachments to the tooth; the band will be contoured to fit the tooth perfectly and centered.
Bracket: A bracket will either be bonded or banded to the tooth; the bracket is designed to hold the archwire in place.
Ceramic Brackets: For a more natural-looking, tooth-colored bracket, the brackets can be made from crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire.
Crowding: When there isn't enough space for the teeth, it can lead to malalignment.
Debanding: Removing orthodontic bands.
Elastics (Rubber Bands): Rubber bands are used to help move the teeth in a specific direction; come in a variety of colors.
Gingiva: This is a term for gum tissue, including the ligaments and mucosal covering.
Headgear: This is a term for various appliances that are attached around the back of the head to modify growth and cause tooth movement.
Herbst Appliance: An appliance, either fixed or removable, used to treat overbite and other bite problems.
Imaging: The process of rendering oral structures in two or three dimensions.
Lingual: Of or pertaining to the tongue.
Lingual Appliances: Orthodontic appliances attached to the teeth on the inside (or tongue-facing side).
Maxillary: Of or pertaining to the upper jaw; can describe teeth, restorations, orthodontic appliances, or facial structures.
Orthodontist: A dental specialist who has continued his or her education after dental school, studying orthodontics at an institution accredited by the American Dental Association.
Orthognathic Surgery: Surgery performed to change the relationship between teeth and bone.
Overbite: The upper front teeth extend out over the lower front teeth.
Radiograph: This is another term for X-ray; involves creating an image by ionizing radiation to show bone and structures below the skin and muscle.
Retainer: A fixed or removable appliance used to help maintain the changes created by orthodontic treatment.
Retention: The period after active orthodontic treatment during which we provide passive maintenance.
Straight Wire Appliance: An appliance that uses angulated brackets to minimize multiple archwire bends, with brackets and molar tubes oriented in three planes of space.
To schedule your complimentary initial orthodontic consultation at Valley Fair Family and Cosmetic Dentistry, call our San Jose office. We serve Santa Clara, Sunnyvale, Rose Garden, Willow Glen, Saratoga, Los Gatos, and beyond!